Авторские программы педагогов района

Республика Татарстан
Муслюмовский муниципальный район
Муслюмовская средняя общеобразотельная школа №2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Авторская программа
Использование национально- регионального компонента на уроках английского языка
 
 
 
 
 
                                        
Учитель английского языка
 первой квалификационной
                                                               категории МСОШ №2
                                                                   Зарипова Зиля Вильевна
 
 
 
Муслюмово-2010
 
 
 
 
 
Составитель: Зарипова Зиля Вильевна – учительница английского языка Муслюмовской средней общеобразовательной школы №2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Данное методическое пособие предназначено как дополнительный материал к учебнику “ EnjoyEnglish” для учителей английского языка.
Пособие раскрывает значимость использования национально – регионального компонента как важной составляющей культуроведческого аспекта содержания обучения иностранному языку. Повышает мотивацию к изучению не только культуры народа – носителя изучаемого языка, но и своего народа.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Пояснительная записка
 
Овладение иностранным языком помогает школьникам понять общность мирового культурного процесса и осознать особую роль в нем национальной культуры каждого народа, в том числе и своего.
Практика обучения показывает, что целенаправленное использование национально-регионального компонента содержания обучения иностранному языку на разных ступенях общего образования стимулирует развитие интеллектуальной и эмоциональной сфер личности учащихся, повышает мотивацию к овладению иностранным языкам и изучению культуры народа- носителя изучаемого языка.
Значимость использования национально-регионального компонента    как важной составляющей культуроведческого аспекта содержания обучения иностранному языку, подчеркивается его роль, в общем, и речевом развитии школьников, в формировании их   толерантного сознания.
На иностранном языке учащиеся размышляют, сравнивают, предлагают свои решения актуальных социальных проблем.
Данный курс знакомит учащихся с достопримечательностями г. Казани, татарскими национальными костюмами, национальной едой, родным селом Муслюмово и его людях.
Актуальность пособия на английском языке продиктована исторической значимостью 1000- летнего юбилея Казани не только для казанцев, народов Татарстана и России, но и для всего мира, ведь Казань - многонациональный город, в котором мирно соседствуют более ста национальностей, представителей крупных религиозных конфессий мира. Важно также отметить 75- летие Муслюмова- нашего родного села.
Пособие знакомит учащихся с историческим и культурным наследием тысячелетней Казани на английском языке; ориентировано на формирование интереса учащихся к истории родного края, национальной культуре, национальным традициям; призван воспитывать у учащихся чувство патриотизма к родине.
Материал имеет воспитательное значение. Это распространение татарской культуры среди других народов мира.
Основные формы проведения учебных занятий: активные методы обучения с использованием различных видов наглядности, видеоэкскурсии, игры.
Формы учебной деятельности учащихся:
-индивидуальные - при выполнении рефератов, выступлений;
-групповые - в ходе выполнения игр.
Формы контроля: выполнение заданий в ходе бесед по материалам лекций, участие в играх, выполнение и защита рефератов.
Данное пособие рассчитано на 11 часов.
 
 
Тематический план
 
Формы занятий
Тема
Кол.- во часов
Лекция
Татарстан- республика моя
1
 
Лекция
Моя столица-Казань
1
Видеоэкскурсия по Казани
Добро пожаловать в Казань!
2
Урок- беседа
Национальные праздники
1
Защита рефератов
Национальные костюмы.
1
Урок - беседа
Татарские национальные блюда
1
Лекция.
Муслюмово - мой край родной
2
Защита проектов
Выдающиеся люди моего края
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                              
Tatarstan - my republic.
 
Only facts…
-          There are more than 1000 small rivers in Tatarstan.
-          The longest river in Europe – the Volga (3690km) - flows across our country for 200km long here.
-          The territory of the republic is 67.836.2 square km.
-          The republic runs 290 km from north to south and 460km from west to east.
-          16,2% of the total area is covered with forest.
-          The average temperature is-13°C in January,+25°C in July.
-          90% of the territory is 200 m above sea level
 
The Republic of Tatarstan is located at the centre of the Russian Federation. Tatarstan borders on the Republic of Bashkortostan, Chuvashia, Mari-El, Udmurtia and on the regions of Russia: Samara, Ulianovsk, Kirov and Orenburg. Tatarstan has no borders with foreign states.
Its area is more than 67 thousand square kilometers. It is as big as Ireland, Sri-Lanka and Lithuania. The territory of the republic is a plain. It lies in a forest and forest - steppe zone with small hills on the right bank of the Volga.
The climate is continental with warm, sometimes hot summers and quite cold winters. That is why agriculture is developed in Tatarstan: gardening, pig farming, bee farming, dairy farming and others.
Such wild animals as elk, bears, wolves, foxes hares squirrels, badgers, hedgehogs and others live in the woods.
Tatarstan is rich in oil. The most well-known oil fields are Romashkinskoye, Novo-Velkhovskoye, Pervomaiskoye and Bondyuzhskoye. Tatarstan is also rich in brown and black coal, copper, gypsum, dolomites, clays, mineral waters and medical muds.
The republic has huge water resources. The Volga river system is of great importance to Russia and Tatarstan. The Volga, the Kama, the Vyatka and the Belaya rivers are the four longest rivers, but there are also a lot of smaller rivers: the Zai, the Myosha, the Ik, the Cheremshan, the Kazanka, etc and a lot of beautiful lakes, such as Lake Kaban, Swan Lake, Blue Lake, Deep Lake and others.
The geographical position of Tatarstan is favourable for the development of industry, trade and other socio- economic fields.
 
Answer the questions.
-    Where is Tatarstan located?
-    Which republics and regions of Russia does Tatarstan border on?
-    What kind of climate does Tatarstan have?
-    What natural resources is Tatarstan rich in?
 
 
My capital- my old Kazan
 
 
In the history of every nationality there are important events that have world significance. A similar event took place in the life of Kazan on 30 August 2005, when the city celebrated its millennium.
The event had a historical significance not only for Kazans, peoples of Tatarstan and Russia, but also for the whole world, as Kazan is a multi- national city, where more than a hundred nationalities and world- large religious confessions live side by side in peace.
By decrees of the Russian and Tatarstan Prezidents the celebration of the millennium was given a state status. Kazan has got its birthday, and this grand jubilee was celebrated on 30 August 2005.
The celebration of Kazan millennium was an event of grand scale and importance. The fact that UNESCO introduced the item “Kazan millennium” into its calendar testifies to Kazan and Tatarstan being acknowledges by the world community.
Kazan possesses an enormous historic and cultural heritage. 759 historical and cultural monuments are protected by state, and reconstruction of many of them was provided for by the federal programme of preparation of Kazan millennium celebration. They are such big constructions as the Kazan Kremlin ensemble, the Arcade complex, the Nobility Assembly building, Kazan State University, Tatarstan National Library, Tatar State Opera and Ballet Theatre named after M. Jalil and many others.
To make the capital of Tatarstan a worthy member of the family of the oldest cities on the planet, to do everything for this ancient city to become a city of world civilization, a city of world culture- this was the super task set during the preparation of the jubilee events. Kazan must become a place open to the whole world, a city with a developed infrastructure and richest cultural and historic heritage.
 
1. Answer the questions.
-    Kazan is the capital of Tatarstan. What do you think is the difference between the capital and other cities?
-    What event took place in the life of Kazan on 30 August 2005?
 
2. Give the Russian equivalents to the following word combination:
 A thousand- year- old city, rich and unique history, millennium anniversary, a picturesque place, open to guests.
 
 
Welcome to Kazan
 
(CD Kazan- video). Imagine that you are in Kazan. Make a similar excursion by the famous sightseeing of Kazan.
Kazan is an exotic oriental flower on a European field of Russia with its slim Suymbike Tower, multi- coloured Peter and Paul`s Cathedral and snow- white minarets of Kul- Sharif.
The walls of Kul-Sharif saw the last battle between Kazan defenders and conquerors. By the decree of the Tatarstan President it was decided to restore the mosque. The main idea of its architecture is restoration of statehood and memory of the defenders of Motherland.Functially it is the main mosque of Kazan. Besides, the Kremlin ensemble must symbolize co- existence of two main religions of Tatarstan: Muslim and Russian Orthodox Christianity.
Another great monument of architecture is Peter and Paul`s Cathedral- one of the most valuable monuments of Russian architecture of the beginning of the 17th century. It was build by a merchant Mikhlayev in 1723-1726. The two- tiered cathedral building is 52 meters high. From the top of the cathedral there is a beautiful view of the city. At present it serves as a cathedral and a wonderful choir sings in it during services.
 
The Kremlin is the pride of Tatarstan capital. It is the only living Tatar fortress in the world which today is the center of the statehood, and also the most Southern example of Pskov style in Russia.
At present the Kremlin is a partly restored medieval fortress. Besides the fortress itself there are the following architectural monuments: the Annunciation cathedral, the Suymbike Tower, a church of Nikola Warrior, business offices and the governor`s palace.
The Suymbike Tower, built in the beginning of the 18th century, symbolized the center of the state power of gubernia. Its architecture embodies an image of Kazan Kingdom and was crowned by a double-headed eagle, a symbol of Russian domination, in the past.
The Kazan Kremlin is registered in the list of World Heritage of UNESCO as one of unique pearls of world culture and is considered to be the only active center of Tatar state culture and power in the world.
 
-What does the Kremlin ensemble symbolize?
            
Kazan public city research- and- industry museum was opened in this building on the initiative of the city community in 1905. As the years passed, its status was changing – provincial, central national. Since 23 March 2002 it has the status of a National Museum of Republic of Tatarstan.
The museum collections comprising more than 700 thousand exhibits are a real treasury reflecting history, culture, life and traditions of peoples inhabiting Tatarstan as well as of ancient world civilizations and are systematized by the types of sources and materials.
Museum relics have been exhibited in Moscow, St Petersburg and other cities in Russia and abroad many times.
-When was Kazan public city research- and- industry y museum opened?
 
Kazan State University, one of the largest and oldest higher educational institutions in Russia, was founded in 1804.
University history is rich in names of great scientists, outstanding scientific leaders, teachers, writers, artists and actors. University scientific library   named after N.I. Lobachevski occupies an important place in the region`s cultural life. The funds of this one of the oldest libraries in Russia have more than 47000 thousand books.
-Which anniversary did Kazan State University celebrate in 2004?
 
 
National festivals and holidays
 
1. Discuss in pairs.
a. What holidays do you know? Which of them are celebrated in Tatarstan?
b. Which holidays are national, religious or state?
c. Which holidays have historical roots in Tatarstan?
 
2. Look at the words below. Which of them can you use to describe a holiday?
Barbecue, celebrate, dancing, fair, holiday, meal, picnic, victory, national wrestling.
 
Tatarstan is a multicultural republic. There are many various festivals and holidays. Some of them are specific to this or that nation. Many of them have become very popular, common and loved by all.
Sabantuy is, perhaps, the most popular festival in Tatarstan. It is “a celebration of the plough” (in the Tatar language “saban” means “plough” and “tuy” means “festival”). This holiday takes place at the beginning of summer, after the first haymaking. During this festival there are a lot of spectacular competitions. The most exciting are the horse races. (The Bulgars` ancestors lived a nomadic life, had horses and were good riders.)
Another popular competition is the national wrestling. At the end they choose a winner. He is usually given a good prize.
There are also a lot of funny competitions and sport games, for example, egg –races, “running-in- sacks” races. Climbing up a high pole is rather difficult, but very funny. The prize is a big cock, sitting on the top! In the villages young women usually make presents for the winners. Everyone tries to show his /her skills and talent.
“Nauruz” means the “New Year Day”. It is a very old festival.
This festival takes place on the 21st of March. On this day the daytime is as long as night. Days become longer and nights become shorter. This holiday symbolizes the end of darkness and the victory of the light over the evil. It is a bright and unforgettable festival. People choose the most beautiful girl. She is called “Nauruz- bikeh”. She drives throughout the town in a coach, decorated with flowers, bright ribbons and bells. Everywhere people greet her cheerfully. People sing songs and dance.
Maslennitsa is a traditional Russian holiday. Maslennitsa takes place at the end of winter. In old times Slavic people believed in different Gods and Yarilo was the main of them. In his honour people fried a lot of pancakes- hot and round like the sun and put much butter on them. The holiday lasted a week. During the holiday people played snowballs, made snow castles and rode a sledge. They visited each other and celebrated this holiday together.
Nowadays it is one of the most favourite holidays and it is very popular with people of all nationalities.
 
1. Answer the following questions.
-Why do Tatarstaners celebrate so many festivals and holidays?
-Can we say that Sabantuy is a festival of sport and health? Why?
-Do people of all ages take part in Sabantuy?
-When is Nauruz celebrated? Why?
-What do people usually do during Maslennitsa?
 
2. Work in pairs. Choose a holiday which is celebrated in Tatarstan. Complete the first column of the table. Then decide on a holiday which is celebrated in Great Britain. Complete the second column. What is similar? What is different? Share your ideas with the class.
 
                              
Tatarstan
Great Britain
What is it called?
 
 
When does it take place?
 
 
When did it first take place?
 
 
How is it celebrated?
 
 
Is it a public holiday?
 
 
Are there any interesting traditions connected with this holiday?
 
 
 
 
National Costume
 
National costume completely reflects our history, traditions, customs, customs and the whole spirit of the nation. By analyzing the national costume we can learn more about the lifestyle, religion and ideals of physical beauty of our ancestors, climate of our motherland and trade routes of its people. Costume also shows the changes in a social and economic life. At the same time the costume tells us a lot about every person, his or her age and social position, character and taste.
Now, let`s have a look at the history of the Tatar national costume from the 8th up to now.
In the 8th- 15th centuries the people of Volga Bulgaria, the Golden Horde and the Kazan khanat used homemade materials for their costumes. Wild animals` fur was of great popularity as well. The upper class people preferred to wear brocade and silk clothes, which were brought from China, Central Asia and Arabic countries. Both men and women had to ride horses and be able to defend their lives. That`s why the main feature of the costume of that time was the similarity of men`s and women`s clothes. They were based on shirts and wide trousers. A jacket without sleeves was worn above. A long “caftan” was popular too.
The late medieval period of the Tatar costume brought some changes in its style: men`s clothes became shorter, women`s clothes became longer. Women`s coats became more decorated with jewellery and rich in colours. Leather richly decorated boots and shoes were both popular with men and women.
The changes in the costume of the first part of the 19th century were influenced by growing trade traditions with the Eastern countries and the industrial development of the tsarist Russia. Jackets were made of bright multicoloured silk or satin of oriental origin. Beshmet coats, fur coats were fashionable as well. Men wore “takyas” as a headdress. For women a heavy “kashpau”, covered with coins, was traditional. Women`s jewellery of that time indicated the social position of a family. It was given from one generation to another. The jewellery was usually made of silver or gold with precious or semi- precious stones.
At present the elements of the national costume are mostly found in the clothes of people in villages. Anyway, modern designers take some ideas for their new collections from the past. National traditions are getting more and more popular and can be seen at the best fashion shows in the world.
 
Task. A  FASHION SHOW.
Think of a Fashion Show in class. Follow the instructions.
a. Design a modern costume using some elements of the Tatar national costume or the national costume of your own choice.
b.Decide if it is a school uniform, a party dress, sport clothes etc.
c. Create a costume.
d.Write a description of it.
e. Prepare a picture, a photo or a real model to illustrate your description.
f.   Organise a Fashion Show in class.  
 
 
Tatar national cuisine
 
What kind of food is popular in Tatarstan? Why? National cuisine is an event.
Tatar cuisine is a result of the historical devolepment of the nation and its geographical location. Long relationship between the local people and their neighbors, trade partners influenced the people`s taste. The Bulgars were good cattlemen, hunters, fishermen and farmers. This is the basis of the food traditions in modern Tatarstan.
Meat is widely used in Tatar national dishes: beef, lamb and horseflesh. As a rule, the Tatars don`t cook pork.
The Tatars like the pastries of all kinds very much. One of their favourite ones is, perhaps, “ishpishmak”. It is a triangle-shaped pie with chopped peppered meat, potatoes and some onion. It is baked in the oven and served hot. It`s very tasty and, of course, it`s worth trying.
 “Peremyach” is also a meat pie, but it is round, filled with peppered meat and little bits of onions, and it is usually fried. It is served hot, usually with a cup of broth. It`s very tasty!
Plov is one of the favourite   dishes the people in Tatarstan choose to eat. It has meat, rice, onions, carrots and a lot of spices. Some hostesses like raisins and dried apricots in the plov.
If you like soups, you will probably like noodle soup and meet dumplings (pelmeni).A good hostess usually cuts very thin noodles and makes the meat dumplings herself.
The most popular drink in Tatarstan is tea. The Tatrs like tea with milk, with lemon or with dried apricots. And, no doubt, sweet pastries: « chuck-chuk», «kosh tele», «talkysh keleve» and much more! On the table you can always see honey and jam. So, if you have a sweet tooth, you are really lucky!
But the main thing about the Tatar cuisine is not only that it`s varied and very delicious. It is more than only food. It`s meal that unites family and friends.
 
1. Answer the following questions.
- Why is national cuisine an event?
- Is meat a popular food with the Tatars? Why?
- What kind of dish is plov?
- What kinds of soup does a good Tatar hostess cook?
- What tasty things can you see on the tea table?
 
2. Copy the sentences below and unscramble each term in capital letters.
a. YONHE is a sweet yellow or brown food made by bees.
b. HRBOT is a thick soup with pieces of meat or vegetables in it.
c. SEOHSTS is a woman who invites someone to a meal or a party or to stay for a short time in her home.
d. TICORAP is a fruit with an orange- yellow skin and a large hard seed inside.
e. VOPL is an eastern or Indian food made of rice with meat or vegetables.
f. ODOLNE is a type of long thin pasta.
g. IUCNEIS is a particular style of cooking food, especially the style of a particular country or region.
 
 
Muslumovo-my native land
 
 
The Muslyumovsky district is located in the eastern part of Tatarstan. The nature of our district is wonderful. There are many hills, lakes, forests in it. Such wild animals as elks, wolves, foxes, hares, squirrels, hedgehogs wild boars and others live in the woods.
The population is 23,2 thousands people: Tatars-89,1, Russians-7,5, Maris-3,4 per cents. The people of Muslumovo are friendly and hospitable.
 
The climate is auspicious for development of agriculture: gardening, pig farming, bee farming, dairy farming, bird farming and others.
Muslumovo is a district with perspective industry. As a result of it in December of 1997 was created Joint- stock company “Mellyaneft” with aim of geological study extraction of oil and gas on the Muslumovsky oil-field. Gasification, building of asphalt roads, providing villages with ecological pure water- these are real achievements of the district`s administration.
At last time in Muslumovo was opened many buildings: school №3, where President of RT M.SH.Shaimiev congratulated pupils and teachers with this event. In 2003 there was grand opening of the Office of Public Prosecutor; Victory Park, the Treasury, many shops and others.
Inhabitants of the district are proud of the fact that working biography of the future President of RT M. Shaimiev was started just at the native land in 1959. Now President of the Republic visits the district as a dear guest and is glad for their successes sincerely.
Much attention is given to the spiritual development of the people.
During the last years one after another mosques in the Muslumovo villages are building.
 
So, the position of our district is to develop the industry, agriculture and other socio- economic fields.
 
 
 
The famous people of our district
 
History of this district as a drop of large ocean reflects history of the whole our large native land. There is no future without the past. In years of Great Patriotic war 8 140 heroes went to the front from the Muslumovsky district. 4469 of them didn`t return. Ildar Mannanov, Gimazetdin Vazetdinov, Peter Dneprov, Badik Salihov, were awarded with golden star of Hero of the Soviet Union.
Names of L.Sharifullin, Kh.Gabdullin, F.Musin, V.Gaifullin, R.Shaimardanov, M.Valitov, R.Mukhametzyanov, B.Timerkaev, A.Gallyamov by their achievements in the field of science brought fame to the Muslumovsky district.
Also we are proud of people of culture and art. Zifa Basirova was a talented and popular singer; poet Zulfat, Shamsiya Zigangirova, writer- dramatist Foat Sadriyev, artists Nail Ayupov, Rustam Sarvarov, Zufar Harisov, composer Kutdus Husnullin, painter Ilisyai Imamov, Harras Ayupov, Lyabib Leron, Flyus Latifi, Liliya Sadriyeva, childrens` poet Muzagit Ahmetzyanov and others.
 
Zifa Basirova was born on the 4th of July in 1910 in Muslumovo. She was the 9th child in the family. Her family was very poor. They lived in Sadovaya street. Her father worked very hardly. And he died in 1916. Her mother stayed with 9 children without husband. She was very talented woman. She could sing very well. And Zifa saw it and she liked to sing too. But in 1921 Zifa Basirova`s mother, sisters and brothers died from hunger.She was given in Children`s house in the village Shuran.
Soon the singer entered the singer entered the Tatar theatrical college. After graduation the college she began to work at the theatre. She had a beautiful voice and sang very well.
Her life was very difficult. She had one son. Zifa Basirova died on the 7th of February in 1979.
We are proud of her.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zulfat was born in the village N. Saitovo. He was talented poet. Zulfat died in 2007. Many people like his poems.
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fler Bagautdinov was born in Stary Varyash. He is a man, endowed with three talents: juridical, publicistic and building. Having graduated secondary school, Fler entered juridical faculty of the Kazan State University. Now he is leader of Department on office employees` matters under the President of RT. Being candidate of juridical sciences, the Honored lawyer of RT, Fler Nuretdinovich is famouse publicist and member of Writers` Union of RT. He made a lot of things for the native district.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foat Sadriyev is a famous and talented writer-dramatist. He was born in B. Checkvak. Foat Sadriyev had written many books.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rishat Rashitovich Khabipov headed the administration of the Muslyumovsky district since 2001. To be manager of the whole district is not easy task. And inhabitants of the Muslyumovsky district like their leader. And all their problems are in the centre of his attention.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Литература
 
  1. Сороковых Г.В., Давыдова О.В. Региональный компонент культуры как составляющая содержания обучения иностранному языку. Иностранные языки в школе – 2007.-№1.
  2. Топленкина И.П. Региональный компонент на уроках иностранного языка. Иностранные языки в школе.-2007.-№4.
  3. Иванова Л.Ф. Нацианально-региональный компонент в обучении английскому языку. Английский язык в школе.-2007.-№3.
  4. Иванова Л.Ф., Сабирова Д.Р., Гарипова Ж.Н. Welcome to Tatarstan.-Казань: издательство ТАИ, 2007.
  5. Муслюмово: вчера, сегодня, завтра…журнал Мир бизнеса-2004.-№1.
  6. Ахметгалиев А.А. Мөслим төбәге. - Казан. -2003.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Содержание программы пособия
 
  1. Пояснительная записка..............................................................................3
  2. Тематический план.....................................................................................4
  3. Татарстан – республика моя......................................................................5
  4. Моя столица – Казань. Навстречу тысячелетию Казани........................6
  5. Добро пожаловать в Казань. Видеоэкскурсия по Казани. Достопримечательности и архитектурные памятники города...............7
  6. Национальные праздники. «Сабантуй», «Науруз»,
 «Масленица»..............................................................................................9
  1. Татарские национальные костюмы.........................................................10
  2. Национальные блюда татар.....................................................................12
  3. Муслюмово – мой край родной...............................................................13
  4. Выдающиеся люди моего края................................................................15
Литература...........................................................................................................18

Для заметок.
       Эта авторская программа удостоена Диплома-1-ой степени во Всероссийском конкурсе “Педагогические инновации-2010”.

Последнее обновление: 2 февраля 2015, 8:29

Все материалы сайта доступны по лицензии:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Яндекс цитирования